Epiphany 2 C - Lectionary 2 C

Water into wine and why a human leader of the Church is a bad idea. With a side order of the role of the Spirit in conversion.

1 Corinthians 12:1-11

Verse 3 is cited in the Formula of Concord, Solid Declaration, Article 2: Free Will (SD 2.26) as a reminder that it is the Spirit, and only the Spirit, who gives the saving faith that opens us up to hear the gospel being proclaimed.

Verse 4 and verses 8-10 are cited in a footnote in the Smalcald Articles, Part 2, Third Article (SA 2.4.9) in an argument against having one human claiming divine right as the head of the Church. Luther, obviously ranting against the pope, notes that asking Christians to submit to the authority of one person will itself cause schisms because in the history of the church it has. Instead, it is better, as it was in the early church (yea repristination!), that Christ alone should be the head of the Church. The bishops in thier office and with their various spiritual gifts together work to guide the church as a group.

John 2:1-11

This entire pericope is cited in an editor's insert in the Formula of Concord, Solid Declaration, Article 8: The Person of Christ (SD 8.25). The miracle at the wedding in Cana is one of the miracles cited, along with the story of teenager Jesus in the Temple from Christmas 1 C, as an instance of Jesus choosing to reveal his divine nature.


There's many ways to go with these insights. The 1 Corinthians reading is used as part of the rite for the installation of congregational officers and other places.  The connections to baptism jump out as well. And the connection back to Christmas 1 C (if you used it) might be and interesting path to follow.

  • Do we experience the divinity of Jesus today? Where? How?
  • When do we make claims to divine right instead of listening to the Church? 
  • When is it possible for the church to be wrong?
  • How do we attend to the presence of the Spirit that empowers us to be the church in the world?