Easter Vigil

There are an incredible number of citations for the Easter Vigil. I'm not doing the responses. Good luck!

Genesis 1:1-2:4

Chapter 1, verse 11 is quoted in Apology of the Augsburg Confession: Article 23: The Marriage of Priests (AP 23.8) to counter the argument that since the world is filled, marriage is no longer commanded by noting that plants still produce their fruit--God has not commanded and end to being fruitful.

Chapter 1, verse 26 is cited in a footnote to Formula of Concord, Epitome, Article 6: Third Use of the Law, Affirmative Thesis 1 (Ep 6.2, n. 43) connecting being created in the image of God with having the law of God written on our hearts--particularly for Adam and Eve.

Chapter 1, verses 27 and 31 are cited in a footnote to The Small Catechism, Marriage Booklet (SC Marriage 15, n. 143) to the third thing the pastor is to say to the couple getting married: "that you know and believe how your estate is pleasing and blessed in God's eyes" (SC Marriage 15).

Chapter 1, verse 27 is quoted in The Augsburg Confession, Article 23: The Marriage of Priests (AC 23.5) as part of a list of scriptural citations speaking against forced celibacy of priests.

This same verse is also cited in an editorial insert in Apology of the Augsburg Confession, Article 2: Original Sin (AP 2.18) to connect being made in the image of God with the original righteousness, which "was intended to include not only a balanced physical constitution, but these gifts as well: a more certain knowledge of God, fear of God, and confidence in God, or at least the uprightness and power needed to do these things" (AP 2.17).

Chapter 1, verse 28 is cited in The Augsburg Confession, Article 23: The Marriage of Priests in the Latin text (AC 23.5 Latin) as proof of God's command for humans to procreate.

This verse is cited again in Apology of the Augsburg Confession, Article 23: The Marriage of Priests (AP 23.7) to note, again, that God created humans to be fruitful and multiply, and this cannot be undone without another command from God to be celibate.

This verse also comes up in Formula of Concord, Solid Declaration, Article 7: Holy Supper (SD 7.76) as a quote within a quote from a sermon of Chrysostom showing that God's command, spoken once, continues to be fulfilled. (That's the present perfect, y'all!)

Chapter 2, verse 3 is cited in a footnote to The Large Catechism, First Part, Third Commandment (LC 1.3.80, n. 62) showing that God's setting apart of the seventh day goes all the way back to creation.

Genesis 22:1-18

The chapter as a whole is cited in a footnote to Apology of the Augsburg Confession, Article 4: Justification (AP 4.209, n. 161) as the scriptural citation for reflecting on why Abraham offered up Isaac as a sacrifice. No surprise: it was faith, not works.

The chapter is again cited in Formula of Concord, Solid Declaration, Article 4: Good Works (SD 4.28) as an encouragement to read Luther's unpack of this chapter in his works as he argues against those who say that works are necessary for salvation, but we are not to put our trust in them. (WA 43:252-60 and LW 4:162-73 for those who are interested.)

Verses 16-18 are cited in a footnote to Formula of Concord, Solid Declaration, Article 3: Righteousness (SD 3.41, n. 119) as a way to provide the citations from Luther's own work that structured this paragraph of the argument. (WA 43:254, 36-41; and LW 4:166, again for those interested.)

Verse 18 by itself is quoted in Formula of Concord, Solid Declaration, Article 5: Law and Gospel (SD 5.23) with several other passages from the Old Testament to show how people comforted themselves with God's word before Jesus was incarnate.

Isaiah 55:1-11

Verse 11 is quoted in Apology of the Augsburg Confession, Article 13: The Number and Use of the Sacraments (AP 13.11) as an example of what Melanchthon would consider one of the acceptable reasons to call ordination a sacrament, noting "it is worthwhile to extol the ministry of the Word with every possible kind of praise against the fanatics who imagine that the Holy Spirit is not given through the Word but is given on account of certain preparations of their own, for example, if they sit idle and silent in dark places while waiting for illumination" (AP 3.13).

Ezekiel 36:24-28

Verse 26 is cited twice in Formula of Concord, Solid Declaration, Article 2: Free Will. The first citation (SD 2.19) is an editorial insert naming a scripture reference for where the "unregenerated human heart" is compared "to a hard stone" (SD 2.19). The second citation (SD 2.26) is in a list of citations noting scriptural references showing that God "takes away our hard and stony hearts and replaces them with new, soft hearts of flesh, that we may walk in his commands" (SD 2.26).

Jonah 3:1-10

Verse 7 is cited in Apology of the Augsburg Confession, Article 15: Human Traditions in the Church (AP 15.21 quarto) to show that civil government might actually take the proclamation of God's faithful seriously and properly institute traditions, like fasting, that call the people governed to attend to their faith.

Verse 10 is cited as an editorial insert in Apology of the Augsburg Confession, Article 12: Repentance (AP 12.166) as a example of efficacious repentance that comes from faith rather than from within sin.

Daniel 3:1-29

Verse 29 is quoted in Apology of the Augsburg Confession: Article 4: Justification (AP 4:160 quarto) to teach "about repentance, about faithful living before God, about the forgiveness of sins, and about those great matters that are outside the scope of philosophy. Therefore not only are alms required here, but also faith" (AP 4.160).

Romans 6:3-11

Verses 4 and 11 are cited by editorial insert in Apology of the Augsburg Confession: Article 12: Repentance (AP 12.46) the two parts of conversion: "the putting off of the body of sins" and "being raised again through faith" (AP 12.46).

Verse 4 is quoted in The Small Catechism, Baptism, Four (SC Baptism 4.14) as the scriptural reference for making sense of what baptism means for our daily living.

Verse 9 is cited through editorial insertion in Apology of the Augsburg Confession, Article 10: The Holy Supper (AP 10.4) to simply reaffirm the faith that "death no longer has dominion over" Jesus (AP 10.4).

TheoThru

This is the Easter Vigil. Preach Jesus. Proclaim the resurrection.